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Non-Timber Forest Products and Livelihood Promotion

(Vol. 14, No. 1, January-March, 2016) ISSN 0973 – 8444
Enhancement of Livelihood Activities Through Non-Timber Forest Products: A Study in Jharkhand’s Ranchi and Simdega Districts
Sudeep Kumar* & Ankita Choudhury**
*Assistant Professor & HOD, Department of Research and Publications, Xavier Institute of Social Service, Ranchi (Jharkhand), India.
**Post Graduate Diploma Management (PGDM), Department of Rural Management, Xavier Institute of Social Service, Ranchi (Jharkhand), India.
 
Abstract: Non Timber Forest Produces (NTFPs) provide about 40 percent of total official forest revenues and 55 percent of forest-based employment in India and thereby act as a critical component for sustenance (Tewari & Campbell, 1995). Although Jharkhand is having a rich agricultural resource base its rural people still search for alternative livelihood opportunities. For smallholders, agriculture is passing through a difficult phase due to the increasing frequency of unseasonal and extreme weather events creating difficulties in managing risk, thereby leading to livelihood insecurity. NTFPs act as a subsidiary source of income for rural dwellers. This paper examines the collection, processing and marketing of NTFPs, and attempts to analyze the differences in rates obtained and the number of people involved in the NTFP business. Under the supervision of the first author, the second author undertook the empirical study in two of Jharkhand’s districts using standard quantitative and qualitative social research methods and techniques. The findings reveal that rural women actively participate in carrying out various NTFP practices, and that there is a need for more awareness generating interventions among the rural people. Various gaps/problems have been identified to highlight potential remedial measures.