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Theme: Seed Biotechnology and Eastern India’s “New Green Revolution”: Issues and Challenges

(Vol. 14, No. 2, April-June, 2016) ISSN 0973 – 8444
The Prevalence, Productivity and Protection of Traditional Varieties vis-à-vis Modern Varieties in Eastern India: An Appraisal
R.P. Singh*, Ashok Kumar** & S.K. Pal***
*Directorate of Seed & Farms, Birsa Agricultural University, Kanke, Ranchi-834006, Jharkhand. Email:
**Senior Scientist and Head KVK Simdega. Email:
***University Professor, Department of Agronomy, Birsa Agricultural University, Kanke, Ranchi-834006, Jharkhand. Email:
Abstract: Eastern India is highly complex, diverse, ecologically fragile, and ethnically and socio-culturally unique. To increase production and productivity in India, after the establishment in 1957 of the first ever coordinated crop improvement project on maize by the Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR), systematic crop breeding programmes in cereals and other crops were initiated in public sector institutions through All India Coordinated Research Project (AICRPs). A large number of high yielding varieties (HYVs)/modern varieties (MVs) have been released for cultivation. However their adoption and diffusion has not been uniform and traditional varieties (TVs)/farmers’ varieties (FVs) are still grown. In India, farmers’ rights have been protected through legislation by enacting the Protection of Plant Variety and Farmers’ Right Act (PPV&FRA), 2001. The PPV&FR authority has opened its regional centre for eastern India in Ranchi. The Krishi Vigyan Kendras (KVKs) within the jurisdiction of Birsa Agricultural University, Ranchi, are working closely with local farmers and playing an important role in the conservation of farmers’ varieties. Through the KVKs more than 1800 farmers’ varieties have already been registered for Plant Varieties’ Protection under PPV&FRA, 2001.
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