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Theme: Seed Biotechnology and Eastern India’s “New Green Revolution”: Issues and Challenges

(Vol. 14, No. 2, April-June, 2016) ISSN 0973 – 8444
Effects of Hybridisation on Secondary Characteristics of Rice Plants
Sanjay Kumar* & Sanjay Kumar Singh**
*Society for Promotion of Wastelands Development (SPWD), Ranchi
**Society for Promotion of Wastelands Development (SPWD), Ranchi
Abstract: Concern over feeding the growing population placed increase in yield of cereal crops as the non-compromising priority for the scientific community. This has led to a neglect of secondary characteristics of the plants, which are equally important and desirable. The use of hybrid seeds also raises concerns regarding the inputs required and their overall effect on human health, the soil and environment. In this study, 26 farmers in Bero and Angara blocks of Ranchi district, who were growing hybrid and traditional varieties of paddy, were interviewed. The study assesses the effects of rice hybridization, and shows how it has deleterious effects on the quality of straw, taste of food, storability of cooked food and nutritional content. Appreciation of the value of these qualities in traditional rice varieties, before they disappear due to their unregulated replacement with hybrids, would ensure that rice remains a wholesome food and a source of wealth to the farmer for centuries to come.
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