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Theme: Social Exclusion and Development

(Vol. 14, Nos. 3 & 4, July-December, 2016) ISSN 0973 – 8444
Dalit Experience of Exclusion with Special Reference to Education in Bihar
Jose Kalapura1
1Director, Xavier Institute of Social Research, Digha Ghat, P. O., PATNA-800 011. Ph. 9431815826, Email:;
Abstract: Social exclusion is a process whereby certain groups are pushed to the margins of society and prevented from participating fully in social activities by virtue of their poverty, low education or by default of their origin. An individual is socially excluded if he or she does not participate in the key activities of the society in which he or she lives. This article aims to understand the extent of exclusion in education experienced by Dalit children in Bihar. Apart from analysing data from various secondary sources, this article is based on primary data collected from the major Dalit communities in five districts of the state. The findings show that Dalit children experience discriminatory treatment by teachers in schools, lack support mechanisms and congenial environment for study, and are subjected to stigmatisation, stereotyping, shame and humiliation all of which negatively affect their psychology and career development.

Keywords: Dalits, Social Exclusion, Education, Marginalisation, Bihar

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